what happens if you miss a quarterly estimated tax payment?

Also, various financial transactions, especially late in the year, can often have an unexpected tax impact. Examples include year-end and holiday bonuses, lottery winnings, stock dividends, capital gain distributions from mutual funds, stocks, bonds, virtual currency, real estate or other property sold at a profit. With Taxfyle, your firm can access licensed CPAs and EAs who can prepare and review tax returns for your clients.

You can also make your estimated tax payments through your online account, where you can see your payment history and other tax records. For additional information, refer to Publication 505, Tax Withholding and Estimated Tax. For freelancers who are also working a salaried job, it might be possible to ask your employer to adjust your withholdings to cover any taxes you’d pay on freelance or project-based work. Then, you wouldn’t need to make estimated quarterly tax payments. 1099 workers have to pay estimated taxes if they owe over $1,000 in tax. Check out the 2023 quarterly tax dates and which IRS form is used to pay quarterly taxes.

How to make an estimated tax payment

Unfortunately, most people don’t realize they have to make quarterly estimated tax payments until it’s too late. Small business owners, self-employed people, and some wage earners should look into whether they should make estimated tax payments this year. Doing so can help them avoid an unexpected tax bill and possibly a penalty when they file next year. This includes some income from self-employment, the gig economy or some rental activities.

For estimated tax purposes, the year is divided into four payment periods. If you don’t pay enough tax by the due date of each payment period, you may be charged a penalty even if you’re due a refund when you file your income tax return at the end of the year. You can use estimated tax payments to pay both income tax and self-employment tax (Social Security and Medicare). If you don’t pay enough tax by the due date of each of the payment periods, you may be charged a penalty even if you are due a refund when you file your income tax return. Speaking of self-employment income, if you work for yourself and expect to owe $1,000 or more in taxes, you likely need to pay estimated taxes regularly. These cover not only income tax but also the self-employment tax and alternative minimum tax.

Finding out how much penalty you owe

The IRS could conceivably make it so that second quarter taxes are due in mid-July and third quarter taxes are due in mid-October — but it doesn’t. Set a reminder to calculate and pay your estimated taxes a couple estimated tax weeks before each deadline. Every day you wait to make an estimated tax payment is another day the penalty applies. The fastest and easiest way to make an estimated tax payment is to do so electronically.

Adjust your estimated tax payments if your income changes significantly during the year. Consider increasing withholding from your wages or pensions if you’re also employed. This can help cover any shortfall in your estimated tax payments.

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